Ebola is not the only virus known to cause hemorrhagic fever and it is certainly not the most common. This page serves to list many of the common viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHF) in a table with brief descriptions for reference. The diseases listed are those commonly found in humans and excludes those which effect animals such as rabbit hemorrhagic disease.
All forms of VHF share similar symptoms including generalized flu-like symptoms in the early stages of infection with rapid progression into the defining symptoms. The general symptoms of VHF related disease include high fever, bleeding disorders, shock and in many cases results in death. Five families of RNA viruses are considered responsible for all VHF cases with the most recent identified in 2012. The viral families are Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Filoviridae (Ebola), Flaviviridae and Rhabdoviridae.
|Viral hemorrhagic fever||Generic terms for typically life threatening fevers including Ebola and Marburg|
|Argentine hemorrhagic fever||Caused by an arenavirus carried by corn mice|
|Bolivian hemorrhagic fever||Caused by the Machupo virus with mortality rates between 5 and 30%|
|Brazilian hemorrhagic fever||The Sabiá virus is responsible for the fever|
|Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever||Spread by a Tick-borne Virus|
|Kyasanur forest disease||Caused by Tick-borne virus from the same family as yellow fever|
|Lassa fever||Caused by the Lassa Virus|
|Marburg virus disease||The Marburg virus is a close relative of Ebola|
|Omsk hemorrhagic fever||Found in Siberia caused by a Flavivirus|
|Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever||Caused by the Guanarito virus|
As you can see there are several known hemorrhagic fevers and although Ebola gets highlighted every few years during an outbreak it is certainly not the only virus to consider when a fever presents itself in a patient. Many of the diseases belonging to this category are endemic to certain areas around the world and all share the symptoms noted in late stage Ebola infections.