Generally the symptoms of Ebola are described as “flu like”. It is common for viral infections to present themselves with similar symptoms in the early stages of infection while the body begins to fight the virus. The following table compares the symptoms of Ebola to other common diseases endemic to Africa.

Symptom Ebola Influenza Common Cold HIV Stage 1 Malaria
Abdominal Pain Common Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Less Common
Bleeding Gums Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon
Bleeding Orifaces Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon
Chest Pain Less Common Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Less Common
Convulsions Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Less Common
Cough Common Common Common Uncommon Common
Diarrhea Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common Common
Extreme Fatigue Common Common Uncommon Less Common Less Common
Fatigue Common Common Less Common Common Common
Fever Common Common Common Common Common
Genital Sores Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Common Uncommon
Headaches Common Common Less Common Common Common
Hiccups Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon
Jaundice Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Less Common
Joint Pain Common Common Less Common Common Common
Loss of Appetite Common Less Common Less Common Uncommon Common
Mouth Sores Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Common Uncommon
Muscle Pain Common Less Common Less Common Less Common Common
Nasal Congestion Less Common Common Common Less Common Less Common
Nausea Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common Common
Paroxysms Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Common
Rash Common Less Common Uncommon Common Less Common
Red Eyes Common Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common
Runny Nose Less Common Common Common Less Common Less Common
Shivering Less Common Less Common Uncommon Uncommon Common
Shortness of Breath Less Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common Less Common
Sneezing Less Common Common Less Common Less Common Less Common
Sore Throat Less Common Common Common Uncommon Uncommon
Tender Lymph Nodes Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Common Uncommon
Throat Inflamation Uncommon Less Common Uncommon Common Less Common
Trouble Swallowing Less Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common Less Common
Vomiting Common Less Common Uncommon Less Common Common
Watering Eyes Less Common Common Uncommon Uncommon Less Common
Weight Loss Common Uncommon Uncommon Uncommon Less Common

The symptoms across most common viral infections are very similar which results in difficulty diagnosing Ebola without a blood test. If you are wondering what the single symptom to look out for is the answer is hiccups. Although not all Ebola patients get hiccups it is common clue that further investigation may be required.

Disclaimer: The above table is based on publicly available knowledge and is not a substitute for medical diagnosis. If you suspect that you have come into contact with Ebola and experience symptoms seek urgent medical attention. It may save your life.